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M.A. Program

The Department of Economics at Yokohama National University (YNU), located in the second largest metropolis in Japan, offers an M.A. program in economics taught entirely in English. The program is designed to provide students with academic knowledge and tools in economic theory and empirics of the highest global standards, and at the same time is well-grounded in policy-relevance. We offer (1) core courses in microeconomics, macroeconomics, statistics, economic systems and economic policy, and (2) advanced courses in microeconomics, macroeconomics, statistics/econometrics, international economics, public economics, public finance, economic development and environmental economics.

Preparing for M.A. Program


All applicants are expected to have knowledge of intermediate level microeconomics and macroeconomics. Further education in economics and econometrics is helpful, but not required.


Core subjects in the International M.A. Program’s curriculum are rather mathematically involved. Applicants are expected to have the following background in mathematics upon entering the program:

Recommended Background for Entrance into the International M.A. Program in Economics.

Coursework in basic calculus including differentiation, integration and single variable optimization.

Students lacking the above mathematical background are strongly advised to take Mathematics for Economists offered in Fall of the first year of study in the program. Please note that the credits obtained in the course do not count towards the degree, therefore only students who feel they need to "brush-up" on their math skills are recommended to take this course.

Additional Recommended Background for Taking Qualifying Examinations in Microeconomics, Macroeconomics and Statistics / Econometrics in the International M.A. Program in Economics.

Coursework in multivariable calculus, linear algebra, mathematical statistics and basic probability theory are necessary to take the Qualifying Examinations.

Mathematics for Economists offered in our program does not cover linear algebra, mathematical statistics and probability theory. Therefore, we recommend that you take related courses in your country before you enter our program. Students who are fluent in Japanese may take those classes which are offered in our Japanese master’s program such as Mathematics for Economics and Mathematical Statistics.

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